Hygienic sanitation, safe water supplies, and sound water management are essential for maintaining global health by improving access to clean water for drinking and increasing the levels of hygiene and sanitation. This practice also promotes the standards of water management for reducing the risks associated with infectious water Bourne diseases, as well as occurrences of accidental drowning when recreating.
There is an alarmingly large section of the population of the world that live with no clean drinking water. That number is almost 1 out of every ten people, double the community of the entire United States. The majority of these people live in isolation in rural areas spend significant hours each day walking to get water for their families. This struggle alone keeps the children out of school as they walk for miles, and also takes away valuable time from the parents that they would use to make money. Additionally, the water collected is often infected with diseases and can potentially cause breakouts.
Every year, safe water could stop the deaths of 1.4 million children from diarrhea, 500 million deaths from Malaria, death as a result of malnutrition in 860,000 children and drowning that is responsible for 280,000 deaths. Additionally, safer water could protect 5 million people from severe incapacitation from trachoma and another 5 million from lymphatic filariasis.
Efforts of improving sanitation, hygiene and water provision act alongside each other boosting overall health. Access to proper sanitation facilities, for example, simple latrines in the communities, potentially prevent the contamination of clean drinking water from the human waste and thereby reduces the occurrence of infections. High tech public measures do not necessarily produce the best results, while the most efficient and proven methods to have significant impacts include frequency in cleaning hands using soap and safely storing clean drinking water.
Managing the environment efficiently reduces the rates of spreading of diseases such as malaria and other conditions that could be spread by insects and thus aids in preventing the deaths. Such efforts include the elimination of habitats for breeding, for example, standing water, as well as screening windows, doors and ventilation to protect from the mosquitoes.
There is a strong attraction in investing towards the improvement of drinking water, management of water resources, and even provision of hygiene as well as sanitation systems. A dollar spent in this venture adds up to 8 dollars in returns. According to the WHO, capitalizing $11.3 billion in meeting hygiene and water targets set by the Millennium Development goals could potentially yield $84 billion annually.
Alongside adding to the standards of the human lives saved, economic productivity is boosted with the provision of better quality sanitation, hygiene and drinking water, as well as education and even health care savings.